The History of St. Paul
Around the 1600s, the Dakota and Sioux tribe buried their deceased in the mounds that were built by the Hopewell Native Americans after escaping from the Ojibwe tribe. In this area, there is a large cave at the base of the bluff, Wakan Tepee which was the sacred lodge of to the Dakota. This cave was named after the British explorer, Jonathan Carver, as Carver’s Cave. In the Carver’s Cave, one can see hieroglyphics of rattlesnakes and bears which were cut into its walls.
The land of St. Paul, MN was part of the broader Midwest region during the 18th century, over which Great Britain, France, and Spain fought. In 1787, the land on the east side of the river became part of the United States Northwest Territory while the area on the west of the river joined through the Louisiana Purchase in 1803.
In 1805, in a deal what was called Pikes Purchase, 10 000 acres from the Dakota was negotiated by the Army officer Zebulon Pike which was later used in the establishment of Fort Snelling. In 1837, after a series of treaties, the U.S. government took the remainder of the land from Native American.
French and French Canadian fur traders recognized the areas potential in trading. The first land claim was made in 1838 by Pierre “Pig’s Eye” Parrant who established the settlement as “Pig’s Eye Landing.”
Saint Paul’s Chapel was established in 1841 on the bluffs above the landing by the first Roman Catholic priest to serve Minnesota, Father Lucien Galtier of France. The priest renamed the settlement to “Saint Paul” since he did not think that Pig’s Eye was suitable. The first school in Saint Paul was at St. Peter Street and Kellogg Boulevard, established by Harriet Bishop in a cabin in 1847.
Another thing that happened during 1847 was the formalization of the Minnesota Territory of which Saint Paul was named the capital. The capital was pushed to be moved south of Saint Peter during a vote in 1857. However, Joe Rolette, a territorial legislature, stole the approved bill and went into hiding until the passing bill season was over. This act of Rolette was seen as rebellious, but at the same time heroic as it prevented the change of the capital. Therefore, when Minnesota was admitted to the union during 1858, Saint Paul was still its capital.
Life in St. Paul Today
While St. Paul, together with Minneapolis, is considered to be a metropolitan area that is called Twin Cities, each one of them is unique and has a separate downtown cosmopolitan base which is surrounded by distinctive suburban communities and neighborhoods.
For example, one can view many grand historic homes in Summit Hill neighborhood, including the James J. Hill Mansion, while the city lifestyle is showcased at Grand Avenue with bungalow-style homes, local eateries, and boutique shops.
The city of St. Paul has a series of skyways that are climate-controlled to allow people to walk around more comfortably during the cold winter. During the spring and summer, the temperature is more appropriate for outdoor activities. Thanks to the geographic location and climate. The Land of 10 000 Lakes has a significant influence on the culture in the area.
Residents and visitors can take advantage of the changing season as there are plenty of recreational activities, wealth, and cultural opportunities in St. Paul. In the winter, for example, the snow creates the perfect opportunity for cross-country skiing along Minneapolis Chain of lakes and Wirth Winter Recreation Area Trails, ice fishing, and hockey.
The city also has plenty of performance venues like the Ordway, the Fitzgerald Theater, and the Lowertown artists quarter. The art scene is thriving with plenty of art museums in and near the city. During summer and spring, one can usually come across music festivals, baseball games, and other recreational activities on the lakes of the area.
Most of the resident in St. Paul live in family households; however, various types of housing can be found that will suit young professionals, families, or the retired folk. The city is even experiencing growth in its international populations.
The commercial center scene is also thriving as it is home to the Fortune 500 company headquarters, plenty of small businesses, firms, and other large regional enterprises.